Baltic peat moss substrates for professionals. Produced in Latvia
White peat for high air capacity. Black peat (frozen through) for good water retention. Sod (block) peat for structural stability.
Peat and peat bogs
Peat is one of the largest natural wealth in Latvia. The total area of the bog is 6401 km2 or 9.9% of the country’s territory. Peat resources are not precisely determined, but they could be about 11.3 billion m3 or 1.7 billion tons. Most of this resource is not usable – they are covered by valuable forest stands, they are located under the agricultural land and also in protected areas. Most peat reserves are concentrated in the eastern and central parts of Latvia. From the total area of bogs 49.3% are low bogs, 41.7% are high and 9% – transitional bogs. 69.7% of all marshes are intact, 15% are drained and used in agriculture, 8.4% are covered with drained forest stands, only 3.9% are used for peat extraction. Approximately one seventh of the area of untouched mires (75 thousand ha) is protected and designated as reserves and barriers.
Peat is formed in the process of natural decay and incomplete decomposition of bog plants, under overcurrent moisture and incomplete supply of oxygen. High bog peat is made up of herbaceous plants, mainly of different mosses. Approximately 95% of moss’s peat volume and pores. The tiny pores are filled with water, but rough – the air, so the peat roots provide an ideal water and air treatment. The age of the peat deposits is 6-12 thousand years, and it turns out that 1 mm of the current peat layer was formed during the year. Peat is formed under anaerobic conditions and is sterile. It is sour, with a low content of nutrients, therefore, adding turbid lime material and composting with organic manure, it is a high quality material for the formation of humus in the soil.
Humus – the basis of soil fertility
Humus is especially important in preserving and improving soil fertility. It is formed by the decomposition of organic matter. Humus contributes to the formation of soil structure, increases water permeability in clay soils, improves aeration and facilitates soil treatment, as well as reduces soil density and creates favorable conditions for root growth. Organic matter increases the soil’s buffering capacity, especially in sandy soils, making them more resistant to changes in pH. At the same time it also increases the microbial activity in the soil and promotes the nitrification process.
Organic matter is the most important part of peat for organic farming. Peat is biochemically stable because it contains hard-soluble humic acids. Humic acids are soil-forming and growth promoters that form calcium humates and calcium helate complexes.
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