Majority of soilless growing media are made with a base of sphagnum peat moss

Peat is a loose or weakly consolidated organogenous sediment that does not contain more than 50% minerals (from the dry matter weight) and have accumulated under incomplete disintegration under conditions of high humidity and oxygen insufficiency dead plant biomass.

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The process is based on the extraction of peat extraction using two methods -with a excavator or with a bucket excavator. Using this technique, peatcan be obtained at the depth of the entire developed deposit

Mortar is a peat produced by a milling process, characterized by a variety of
two particle sizes ranging from 5-6 mm to 26-60 mm).

The cut peat is a damp natural structure obtained by cutting fractional peat.

The method of extracting peat is used to obtain a natural structure.
There will be a small fraction of peat blocks, so it can only be used with embedding
natural structure.

The task of milling the peat mill is to get out of the mudcrushed peat crumb, which is the fastest way to die. Milling depthis regulated depending on the amount of drying of the field in relation to thetheoretical conditions and characteristics of peat deposits. Average millingthe depth is 12-15 mm.

Stable material harvested from bogs.

Peat moss growing medium holds water and nutrients, provide gas and nutrient exchange, and give an anchor point for a plant’s roots

Sphagnum peat moss as a component of horticultural growing media is very important because of the unique main properties of the sphagnum cells to hold and release water.

The sphagnum cells are thin-walled cells with large cavities and their function is to absorb and transport water. An important characteristic of the sphagnum cells is that they have lignified walls. These prevent the cells from collapsing when they dry out. By keeping peat suitably wet, optimum conditions of moisture and aeration can be maintained.

The functions of quality growing medium are:

  1. water reservoir for plant uptake,
  2. nutrient holding/exchange system,
  3. place for gaseous exchange for root systems and an anchor point for a plant’s roots.

Since different types of peat moss have different natural properties, the best results in the cultivation of certain crops are achieved by mixing together raw materials with desirable properties. It is very important for the manufacturer of substrates to have access to the most demanded and qualitative types of peat for the production of such professional mixes.

Substrates and potting soils produced from selected raw peat moss with added lime, crop specific NPK fertilizers, microelements and wetting agent.

Primary plant macronutrients:

Nitrogen: promotes healthy and fast vegetative growth

Phosphorus: promotes root growth, flowering and fruiting, and disease resistance

Potassium: helps with fruit ripening, disease resistance, and overall plant health

Secondary plant macronutrients:

Magnesium:  helps plants process and utilize calcium, promotes vegetative growth and sugar formation

Calcium:   supports structural integrity of plants, new cellular growth, and disease resistance

Sulfur: helps fruits and seeds mature and promotes the growth of green leaves

Plant micronutrients:

Micronutrients are trace elements that help promote green leaf growth as well as starch formation.  These include boron, chlorine, copper, iron, manganese, molybdenum, and zinc.